Africa and the Knowledge Economy

Africa is falling further behind the rest of the world in science and technology (S&T). Given that S&T is critical to spur economic growth as shown by Asian countries, Africa must catch up

With technological advances achieved in recent years, Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) has fallen further behind the rest of the world in S&T. For instance, the average number of scientists and engineers per million population is less than 100 in SSA, significantly below North Africa (more than 400), all developing countries (more than 500), Asia without Japan (about 800).

This compares with more than 1,100 in industrialized economies. Likewise, SSA’s share of global Research and Development (R&D) spending is the lowest of any region except the Caribbean at 1%, less than half the next lowest (2.3%: Middle East).

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